The land disputes date back to efforts in the 1960s to entice landless farmers to the fertile region of the Bajo Aguan. The initial agrarian reform laws contained protections intended to ensure that the land remained in the hands of small landowners by limiting the amount of hectares individuals could accumulate. In 1992, the Law for Modernisation of Land gutted many of the protections written into the original agrarian reform efforts, creating pressure on peasant land cooperatives to sell their land to large landowners.
"Militarization in Central America is less about controlling crime than ensuring access to natural resources" (Annie Bird)
A New York Times article, by Dana Frank. Since the June 2009 military coup, Rights Action - and many North American organizations and writers - have denounced State repression and increasing violence in Honduras that is controlled by an illegitimate, military backed government. Oftentimes, we have had to directly critique the North American media that has distorted or completely ignored the extreme levels of repression and violence in Honduras.
Miami Herald article "HONDURAS IS TEST OF NEW U.S. POLICY ON GAY RIGHTS"
Last fall, we reported on Honduras being the 'Murder capital' of the world, statistically; of being the 'Journalist-killing capital' of the world, proportionate to population; and now it is reported to have one of the highest levels of repression against and killing of LGBT people. These extreme levels of State repression and generalized violence have increased drastically since the June 2009 military coup.
On January 5, 2012, just days before the January 14 inauguration of former general Otto Perez Molina as President of Guatemala, a Guatemalan court in a highly irregular procedure dismissed charges against Perez Molina for the 1992 forced disappearance, illegal detention, prolonged torture and presumed extrajudicial execution of Efrain Bamaca.
This past December 10th, the British magazine The Economist published an article that makes a reference to a memorandum of understanding between the government of Honduras and two United States firms regarding the construction of Model Cities (Charter Cities) in Honduran territory, without notifying the Honduran people up to now of the planned transactions.
In Guatemala, former military officers and their supporters have filed legal charges against human rights activists, journalists, and surviving victims of State repression, even as a former general, Otto Perez Molina - himself implicated in Guatemala's genocide -
News article about recent water studies that again have documented water contamination near Goldcorp's mine.
The US is advancing a regional security strategy which apparently is oriented toward the militarization of Central America and the participation of private security contractors in policing, a strategy also being promoted for Central America by the IDB (Inter American Development Bank) and former Colombian president Alvaro Uribe.